Important legal notice

The information on this site is subject to a disclaimer, a copyright notice, rules related to personal data protection and cookies.


General Remarks

The IATE terminology database was developed to serve as a working tool for the translation services of the institutions and bodies of the European Union. It is managed on behalf of these institutions and bodies by the Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union.

This website is maintained to give the public access to a part of this database. This public IATE is not a guaranteed public service, but our goal is to keep it as up-to-date as possible. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them.

From this website, you can reach "Download IATE", a page where IATE terminology is made available for download.

Please read the Copyright notice carefully before copying anything from this website or Download IATE. Copying from this website is forbidden unless it is explicitly allowed in accordance with that section.

Despite extensive research, it may be that we have not been able to identify certain authors or rights holders of data appearing on this site. If you are such a rights holder, or if you have identified such a rights holder, or if there is a mistake on our part, we should be grateful if you would contact us. We will do our best to rectify the situation without delay.



The European Union accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the data on this site.

This data is:

·         of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity;

·         not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;

·         sometimes linked to external sites over which the European Union services have no control and for which the European Union assumes no responsibility;

·         not professional or legal advice (if you need specific advice, you should always consult a suitably qualified professional).

It is our goal to minimize disruption caused by technical errors. However some data or information on our site may have been created or structured in files or formats that are not error-free and we cannot guarantee that our service will not be interrupted or otherwise affected by such problems. The European Union accepts no responsibility with regard to such problems incurred as a result of using this site or any linked external sites.

This disclaimer is not intended to limit the liability of the European Union in contravention of any requirements laid down in applicable national law nor to exclude its liability for matters which may not be excluded under that law.


Copyright notice

© European Union, 1995-2014

Copyright in the data on the public IATE website belongs to the rights holders as defined by law. Since this website contains not only data owned by the European Union but also data belonging to other rights holders, the European Union is not in a position to authorize free downloading, reproduction or dissemination of all data on this website.

To allow maximum usefulness of the data collected in IATE, we have created a service called “Download IATE”. It makes available IATE terminology for batch download. The data made available is not copyright protected, and can therefore be freely downloaded and reproduced, for personal use or for further non-commercial or commercial dissemination. The European Union retains the copyright in the database structure on Download IATE, but hereby authorizes downloading and reproduction, for personal use or for further non-commercial or commercial dissemination, also of the database structure as available on Download IATE. The software necessary for exploitation or extraction (IATExtract) is distributed with the export file. The Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union makes this extraction tool available under the EUPL licence.

We remind you that this authorization is restricted to the database structure, and does not include the interface, the logo or the software, which you are not allowed to download or reproduce (with a limited exception for the extraction tool).

Personal Data Protection

The European Union is committed to user privacy.

The policy on "protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions" is based on Regulation (EC) N° 45/2001  of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000.

You can browse the IATE website without giving away any personal information. However, website visitors are tracked using an IATE cookie and the first-party persistent cookies from Europa by default. This information is used to improve the user experience (settings) and produce statistics about visitors (location, date and time of the request, viewed pages, files downloaded, etc.). The data collected do not contain personal information and cannot be used to identify a particular visitor. It will not be shared with any other organisations for marketing, market research or commercial purposes. None of the cookies contains personal information, just a random id generated which allows identifying when a user is coming back on IATE. All persistent cookies have an expiration date and after that date they will get automatically removed from the user computer.

The Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union retains full responsibility and control on behalf of the IATE partners of the data collected through the IATE cookie.

The European Commission retains full responsibility and control on behalf of the IATE partners of the data collected through first party cookies and tags by storing the data in servers fully owned and controlled by the European Commission.


Cookies – storing information on your computer

What are cookies?

A cookie is a small piece of data that a website asks the visitor to be stored on his/her computer or mobile device. Cookies help the site remember your settings –for example, the source and target language– so you don’t have to keep re-entering them whenever you come back to us. They also allow for tracking the information to produce statistics about visitors (location, date and time of the request, viewed pages, files downloaded, etc.).

Our cookies are not used to identify you personally. They’re just there to make the site work better for you.

How you can control cookies

By default, website visitors are tracked using the first-party persistent cookie from Europa Analytics and the IATE cookie, but you can control and/or delete cookies as you wish – for details, see

You can delete all the cookies already on your computer, block them or use the "Do Not Track" preference, a technology that enables visitors to opt out from being tracked by websites for whatever purpose including the use of analytics services, advertising networks, and social platforms. But if you do this, you may have to manually adjust some preferences every time you visit the site. Europa Analytics respects visitors' preference and will not track visitors which have enabled the “I do not want to be tracked” option in their web browsers.

You can also use the option below in order not to be tracked in Europa Analytics (opt-out). If you change your mind, you can choose to be tracked again (opt-in).


Contact information:

You may send any queries or complaints regarding the processing of your personal data and other functional aspects of the system to: